The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has released the latest Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI).
According to the ITU, the recent index shows a growing commitment worldwide to tackle and reduce cybersecurity threats.
Each country’s development is assessed along the five strategic pillars of the Union’s Global Cybersecurity Agenda (GCA): Legal Measures, Technical Measures, Organisational Measures, Capacity Building, and International Cooperation. This is then aggregated into an overall score. The current assessment covers the 2019-2020 period and reflects data collected during the Covid-19 pandemic.
The newly released 2020 index indicates that despite the Covid-19 pandemic, countries are working to improve their cyber safety since there is a shift of everyday activities and socio-economic services into the digital sphere.
GCI 2020, the index’s fourth iteration, measures the cybersecurity commitments of 193 ITU Member States and the State of Palestine. It aims to identify gaps, serve as a roadmap to guide national strategies, inform legal frameworks, build capacity, highlight good practices, strengthen international standards, and foster a culture of cybersecurity.
The index showed that 64 per cent of countries had adopted a national cybersecurity strategy (NCS) by year-end, while more than 70 per cent conducted cybersecurity awareness campaigns in 2020, compared to 58 per cent and 66 per cent, respectively, in 2018.
Despite the notable improvements, there are still some challenges that must be addressed.
Many countries and regions lag in critical areas. These include cybersecurity skills training, critical infrastructure protection, individual data protection, growing reliance on digital solutions necessitates ever stronger yet also accessible and user-friendly data protection measures.
In Africa, Mauritius ranked top but was 17th on the global ranking. Egypt was second in Africa, followed by Ghana.
- South Africa